Glass subject to watermelons
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The term fūrin (風鈴 - ふうりん - hūrin), composed of the "hū" - wind and "rin" - bell - takes in Italian the meaning of "the bell with the wind". The ū, u with the symbol of the macron, is read as u double, the pronunciation is then fuurin. Originally coming from the chinese tradition, the fūrin was introduced in Japan for centuries now, so much so that it brings the track in every kind of work of art and historical source. The buddhist monk Honen Shonin to the Kamakura called him "a national treasure" for its supposed power for good, while at least since the Muromachi period the pleasant sound of the fūrin is associated with the summer.
The fūrin are hanging from the gutters, and windows and doors of the houses, but also to the verandas and porches of these and businesses. It also uses them to hang on to the lower branches of the trees and to media of any kind. In the summer months, the hot season and humid in Japan, fūrin are hung and left to rattle in the wind, across the nation, producing a sound that permeates the countryside and the smaller centres, but also the city due to the strong attachment of the Japanese to their popular traditions and more intimate and identifiable. In these months, in fact, the characteristic sounds of these lands are those that are generated precisely by fūrin, together with the choir of the ubiquitous cicadas and the sound of fireworks hanabi. The fūrin, far from to realize only a decorative function, was created to fulfill, and today fulfils two fundamental purposes. It is considered -traditionally - that, on the one hand, it makes the muggy heat of summer, less heavy and oppressive, thanks to its very delicate sound, and on the other hand is ancient and kept still in vogue for the fūrin a cultic function is based on the belief that in their sound to keep away the evil spirits from inhabited places. Finally, there are also special fūrin used in the function weather: some of them are in fact used in the study of the winds, a phenomenon that is relevant in the japanese islands, due to the high density of typhoons and weather events, destructive due to the sub-tropical climate. The extreme diffusion of the fūrin has forced many urban centres of the japanese to issue ordinances that regulate the use of these bells typical, especially during the night and with the bad weather.
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